Skip to Main Content

Pricing Your Business Product or Service: About

Guidelines and models to price the product or service your business offers.

Pricing Events

Models for Setting Business Prices

According to a SCORE business counselor, pricing practices for a product or service vary greatly from business to business.  One has to cover his or her expenses, make a profit and determine what value a consumer places on your product.  This counselor works in the apparel industry and his rule of thumb is to double the wholesale price to arrive at the retail price.  However, in a high-volume business such as a supermarket, the mark-up may be only a few percent or less.  If you are trying to set the price for a service business you may want to contact at least three competitors to find out what they charge.  There are many different models for pricing your product or service.  The two most common are-

  • Cost-Plus Pricing is based on your fixed and variable production and delivery costs with an added profit margin.
  • Value-Based Pricing is based on the consumers perceived value of your product or service.

Other pricing strategies include-

  • Variable Cost-Plus Pricing calculates the markup based on both the fixed and varying costs of production.
  • Competitive Pricing is used when the market is saturated with many competitors and a price better reflects the product's perceived added value.
  • Dynamic Pricing varies depending on time period and demand.
  • Price Skimming where a high initial price is charged on a new or novel product and then is gradually reduced when competitors enter the market.

How to Price a Product (NerdWallet)

How to Price Your Product: A Step-by-Step Calculation (U.S. Chamber of Commerce)

Key Business Ratios, found within Mergent Intellect, provides profitability benchmarks for different lines of business activity.

Business Librarian