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Understanding Music Division Classmarks: Billings Classification: Books

A guide to the various classification systems used in the Music Division

Books: *M through *ML

Classmarks beginning with *M through *ML generally contain writings about music. Their subdivisions are described below.

Remember:  Billing classification refers primarily to books and scores acquired before 1972.

*M through *MEC

*M

Philosophy and aesthetics, importance, effects of music, sociology, music and poetry, music and other arts, psychology, testing, diseases and hygiene of musicians, etc.

*MA

Periodicals; entry under title

*MAA

Periodicals issued by societies, including reports, proceedings, bulletins, etc.

*MAD

Directories, address books, etc. (by place)

*MBA

Catalogs of schools, conservatories, educational institutions, etc.

*MBD

Programs (cataloged, generally bound); generally filed under the name of the venue or the name of the organization

*MBD (uncat.)

Programs (uncataloged, unbound); for a full inventory, see:  http://catalog.nypl.org/record=b19764774~S1

*MBDR

Radio program guides

*MC

General bibliographies of music

*MCD

Music dealer catalogs (For more information see: https://libguides.nypl.org/musicdealerscatalogs)

*MCH

Composer catalogs

*MCI

Instrument catalogs

*MCL

Music library catalogs

*MCP

Music publisher catalogs (For more information see: https://libguides.nypl.org/musicpublisherscatalogs)

*MD

Music dictionaries and encyclopedias

*ME

Collective biographies of musicians

*MEC

Biographies of individuals involved with music

*MEC (name)-C

Catalogs of works

*MEC (Beethoven)-CC

Works about Beethoven's string quartets [The suffix -CC applies only to Beethoven]

*MEC (Beethoven)-CO

Works about Beethoven's symphonies [The suffix -CO applies only to Beethoven]

*MEC (Beethoven)-CP

Works about Beethoven's piano sonatas [The suffix -CP applies only to Beethoven]

*MEC (Beethoven)-CV

Works about Beethoven's vocal music [The suffix -CV applies only to Beethoven]

*MEC (Beethoven)-CZ

Compositional studies of Beethoven [The suffix -CZ applies only to Beethoven]

*MEC (name)-L

Published collections of letters.  

*MEC (name)-M

Writings other than letters

*MEC (name)-Z

Fictional works

*MF through *MG (History and miscellaneous subjects)

*MF

General history of music

*MFB

Charts, chronologies, outlines, question-and-answer books, syllabi, pictorial histories

*MFBC

History: Ancient to 400 AD

*MFBE

History: Medieval through approximately 6th century

*MFBG

History: approximately 16th through approximately 18th century

*MFBH

History: approximately 18th through 19th century

*MFBI

History: 19th century

*MFBK

History: 19th through 20th century

*MFBL

History: 20th century

*MFBP

History: Primitive and exotic music; general works

*MFBR

History: Regional history (by place)

*MFC

Dramatic music

*MFCB

Regional

*MFF

Folk music - general

*MFFB

Folk music - regional

*MFG

Sacred music - general

*MFGF

Roman Catholic - general

*MFGG

Roman Catholic forms, for example: Mass, Hymns

*MFGL

Other Catholic churches

*MFGM

Protestant - General

*MFGN

Protestant forms, for example: Mass, Hymns

*MFGS

Hebrew

*MFGT

Other churches

*MFGX

Non-demonimational forms - oratorios, stories of hymns, etc.

*MFH

Secular music, vocal: general

*MFHB

Secular music, vocal: regional

*MFI

Instrumental music: general

*MFIB

Instrumental music: regional

*MFM-Amer.

Jazz

*MFN

Notation and neumes

*MFP

Printing and publishing: general

*MFPB

Printing and publishing: regional

*MFR

Education: general

*MFR

Education: regional

*MFS

Societes and organizations: general

*MFSB

Societes and organizations: regional, individual

*MFZ

Historiography, paleography

*MFZA

Music in art and mythology

*MG

Collected literary works

*MGA

Essays, Festschriften of miscellaneous content

*MGD

Appreciation and analysis: general

*MGF

Music as a profession

*MGG

Copyright and performance rights

*MGH

Polemics

*MGL

Anecdotes, quotations, games

*MGN

Opera stories

*MGO—*MGZ is now part of the Dance Division

*MH through *MI: Theory and instruction

*MH

Theory and instruction: general

*MHB

Special topics

*MHD

Elementary methods, grammars, manuals

*MHDC

Sight-singing

*MHDE

Tonic sol-fa

*MHF

Mathematical and physical aspects

*MI

Harmony

*MIB

Composition

*MIC

Conducting

*MIP

Peformance and interpretation

*MIR

Radio

*MIS

Song writing and publishing

*MIT

Motion pictures

*MK: About musical instruments

*MK

General instruments

*MKA

Organ

*MKAC

Organ construction

*MKAL

About organ music

*MKAM

Organ instruction

*MKB

Band

*MKBC

Band instrument making and makers

*MKBM

Band instruction

*MKC

Keyboard instruments - general

*MKD

Piano

*MKDA

Pianists and piano composers

*MKDC

Piano making and piano makers

*MKDL

About piano music

*MKDM

Piano instruction

*MKE

Harmonium

*MKEC

Harmonium making and makers

*MKEL

About harmonium music

*MKEM

Harmonium instruction

*MKF

Harpsichord

*MKFC

Harpsichord making and makers

*MKFL

About harpsichord music

*MKFM

Harpsichord instruction

*MKG

Other keyboard instruments (virginals, claivchord, spinet, etc.)

*MKI

String instruments: General

*MKIC

String instruments making and makers

*MKK

Violin and violin family

*MKKA

Violinists and violin composers

*MKKC

Violin making and makers

*MKKL

About violin music

*MKKM

Violin instruction

*MKL

Violoncello

*MKLL

About violoncello music

*MKLM

Violoncello instruction

*MKM

Viola

*MKML

About viola music

*MKMM

Viola instruction

*MKN

Double bass

*MKNM

Double bass instruction

*MKO

Other string instruments (musical bow, vielle, tromba marina, etc.)

*MKOA

Viola d'amore

*MKOAM

Viola d'amore instruction

*MKOG

Viola da gamba

*MKOGM

Viola da gamba instruction

*MKP

Plucked instruments: General

*MKPB

Banjo

*MKPBM

Banjo instruction

*MKPG

Guitar and instrument of the guiar

*MKPGM

Guitar instruction

*MKPH

Harp

*MKPHL

About harp music

*MKPHM

Harp instruction

*MKPL

Lute

*MKPLM

Lute instruction

*MKPM

Mandolin

*MKPMM

Mandolin instruction

*MKPU

Ukelele

*MKPUM

Ukelele instruction

*MKPZ

Zither

*MKPZM

Zither instruction

*MKR

Wind instruments, general

*MKRB

Flute

*MKRBC

Flute making and makers

*MKRBL

About flute music

*MKRBM

Flute instruction

*MKRG

Oboe

*MKRGM

Oboe instruction

*MKRK

Clarinet

*MKRKL

About clarinet music

*MKRKM

Clarinet instruction

*MKRL

Bassoon

*MKRLM

Bassoon instruction

*MKRN

Horn

*MKRNM

Horn instruction

*MKRO

Trumpet and Cornet

*MKROM

Trumpet and Cornet instruction

*MKRS

Saxophone

*MKRSM

Saxophone instruction

*MKRT

Bagpipe

*MKRTM

Bagpipe instruction

*MKS

Accordion

*MKSM

Accordion instruction

*MKT

Other aerophonic instruments (harmonica, ocarina, etc.)

*MKTM

Other aerophonic instruments - instruction

*MKV

Drums

*MKVM

Drum instruction

*MKW

Triangle, xylophone

*MKWM

Triangle, xylophone - instruction

*MKX

Bells and carillon

*MKXC

Bells and carillon - bell founding and founders

*MKXM

Bells ringing - instruction

*MKY

Mechanical instruments

*MKYC

Mechanical instruments construction

*MKYL

About mechanical instrument music

*MKYM

Mechanical instruments instruction

*ML: Voice instruction

*ML

Includes anatomy, hygiene, physiology, voice-building

*MLD

Singing (includes methods and history)